You can find out about the country of the Philippines from Wikipedia the free on-line encyclopedia at http://www.simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippines. Simply click on the blue link which will display the information from the Wikipedia. Additional information can be found at http://www.answers.com/philippines.
General information about the country, its economy, its geography, its climate, its culture, its people and other aspects can be found at: http://www.philippines.hvu.nl/
The Philippines extend 1,152 mi (1,855 km) from north to south, between Taiwan and Borneo, and 688 mi (1,108 km) from east to west, and are bounded by the Philippine Sea on the east, the Celebes Sea on the south, and the South China Sea on the west. They comprise three natural divisions—the northern, which includes Luzon and attendant islands; the central, occupied by the Visayan Islands and Palawan and Mindoro; and the southern, containing Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago.
The Philippines are chiefly of volcanic origin. Most of the larger islands are traversed by mountain ranges, with Mt. Apo (9,690 ft/2,954 m), on Mindanao, the highest peak. Narrow coastal plains, wide valleys, volcanoes, dense forests, and mineral and hot springs further characterize the larger islands. Earthquakes are common. Of the navigable rivers, Cagayan, on Luzon, is the largest; there are also large lakes on Luzon and Mindanao.
The Philippines are entirely within the tropical zone. Manila, with a mean daily temperature of 79.5°F (26. 4°C), is typical of the climate of the lowland areas—hot, humid, and enervating. The highlands, however, have a bracing climate; e.g., Baguio, the summer capital, on Luzon, has a mean annual temperature of 64°F (17.8°C). Typhoons are frequent and flooding often affects the low-lying areas of Manila the capital.
Administratively, the republic is divided into 72 provinces and 61 chartered cities. In addition to Manila, other important centers are Quezon City, also on Luzon; Cebu, on Cebu Island; Iloilo, on Panay; Davao and Zamboanga, on Mindanao; and Jolo, on Jolo Island in the Sulu Archipelago.
Manila – capital of the Philippines
Manila is a large city with all the governmental, business, financial and diplomatic activity expected in a capital city. It is also a city of huge contrasts with affluence and poverty close by each other. It is a bustling, busy city with some unique transport including Jeepneys and pedicabs.
The great majority of the people of the Philippines belong to the Malay group and are known as Filipinos. Other groups include the Negritos (negroid pygmies) and the Dumagats (similar to the Papuans of New Guinea), and there is a small Chinese minority. The Filipinos live mostly in the lowlands and constitute one of the largest Christian groups in Asia.
Roman Catholicism is professed by over 80% of the population; 5% are Aglipayans, members of the Philippine Independent Church, a nationalistic offshoot of Catholicism; 5% are Muslims (concentrated on Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago; and 4% are Protestants.
Some 70 native languages are spoken in the Philippines. The official national language is Pilipino, a form of Tagalog. A considerable number of Filipinos speak English, the nation's second language.